Wear and Irreversible Entropy Generation in Dry Sliding
Abdel-Aal, Hisham A.
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This paper examines the relationship between wear and the generation of entropy within the mechanically affected zone, MAZ, of a sliding material. It is postulated that wear is related to irreversible entropy generation within the MAZ. This accumulation takes a place due to the degradation in the ability of the rubbing material to maintain a non-congested flow of the generated entropy. This, in turn, is affected by the nature of the change in the thermal transport properties of the material with respect to the thermal and the mechanical loads acting on the interface. A model, that treats the MAZ as a heat engine in the Carnot sense, is presented. The model assumes that the MAZ is a heat engine that transports heat from a high temperature reservoir, represented by the asperity contact layer, to a low temperature reservoir, represented by the sub-contact layer. Consequently an entropy generation source that represents the irreversibilities within the MAZ is defined and a study of the entropy generation is attempted. Wear data, published elsewhere, of two materials, Oxygen Free High Conductivity Copper, and Commercially Pure Titanium are analyzed using the developed model. It is found that wear for both materials is correlated to entropy generation, and to the entropy flow within the MAZ. Interestingly, moreover, in view of the contrasting wear trends of the test materials, the relationship of the mass wear rate and the specific wear rate of each material with respect to entropy generation are totally opposite to each other. It is found that when the capacity to transport entropy exceeds the entropy supply, the mass wear rate increases, and when the entropy transport capacity of the system is exceeded and entropy generation takes place the mass wear rate decreases.
- 2006 fascicula8