Efectul perlocuționar eficient și comuniunea fatică în textul literar din perioada comunistă
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Human communication is seen as a very complex reality. Bronislaw Malinowski is the one who identifies the phatic function of language as fundamental for understanding the communication principles. Among the first conclusions drawn from his observations Malinowski states that language is used to perform social functions; in other words, social relationships and interaction were geared to the use of linguistic expressions. One of such functions consists of what he called fatic communion. Language is used to maintain fatic communion - a feeling of belonging to a community. Fatic communion involves the maintenance of a sense of community, of solidarity with other members of the group, of a particular status within the hierarchies of the group, and at the same time a feeling of accepting others and being oneself accepted by others. The present article tries to identify the way ”fatic communion” works within literary discourse, especially within censored literary text that supposed to make use of extra means in order to communicate with its reader This article aims to prove that literature has a significant role in exposing the manipulating policy of the communist boilerplate language. In this respect, intertextuality proves to be an appropriate instrument of communication between author and reader. Such contexts help to de-constructing this language and showing up its phonines. Our interest focuses on verbal irony which is to be illustrate through literary texts belonging to the communist era when the ”freedom of speech, thought and action” was just a dream, so that the only way to really communicate was by twisting the clichés.
- 2006 fascicula 13